Wishes, protection, and good health.
Used in meetings in which attendees must maintain confidence on the topics of discussion.
Used to guard diaries, journals, and Books of Shadows.
Seal letters with dogwood oil to keep the contents for intended eyes only.
Use powdered bark or flowers as an incense.
Also Called: Boxwood, Squawbush, Budwood, Flowering Cornel, Green Osier
The bark is astringent and febrifuge. It is used to treat fevers.
The leaves are sometimes used externally as an astringent.
The fruit is emetic.